About OBE and Accreditation

Outcome-based education (OBE) is an educational theory that bases each part of an educational system around goals (outcomes). By the end of the educational experience, each student should have achieved the goal. There is no single specified style of teaching or assessment in OBE; instead, classes, opportunities, and assessments should all help students achieve the specified outcomes. The role of the faculty adapts into instructor, trainer, facilitator, and/or mentor based on the outcomes targeted.

Outcome-based methods have been adopted in education systems around the world, at multiple levels. In an international effort to accept OBE, the Washington Accord was created in 1989. The Washington Accord countries accept undergraduate engineering degrees that were obtained using OBE methods.

Outcomes, in the educational context, are statements that describe significant and essential learning that learners have achieved, and can reliably demonstrate at the end of a course or program. In other words, learning outcomes identify what the learner will know and be able to do by the end of a course or program.

Accreditation is a process of quality assurance and improvement, whereby a programme in an approved Institution is critically assessed to verify that the Institution or the programme continues to meet and exceed the norms and standards prescribed by AICTE from time to time. Currently the assessment done by NBA is Outcome- based in tune with international standards set by the Washington Accord.

The institution, and the programmes accredited by NBA, will:

  • Be identified with excellence in technical education.
  • Be assured of conformity to good practices and benchmarks of global requirements.
  • Be able to rate the programmes on a national platform to attract better student intake
  • Be able to appraise its strengths and weaknesses through an informed review process.
  • Be eligible for receiving funds from government funding agencies.
  • Be able to initiate innovative and modern methods of pedagogy.
  • Be an effective facilitator of human capital to world class employers and other stakeholders.

The Washington Accord, signed among six countries in 1989, is an International Agreement among bodies responsible for accrediting undergraduate engineering degree programmes. It recognizes the substantial equivalency of programmes accredited by those bodies and facilitates the mobility of engineering graduated and professionals at international level. There are at present 17 Permanent Members of the Accord, including India, represented by the NBA. In short, the degrees obtained by students who pass out from institutions accredited under the Washington Accord will be recognized as equivalent to other degrees of member countries such as Australia, Canada, Japan, United Kingdom and United States. Such students will also be able to transfer additional credits earned in the qualifying degree to the higher degree which they might want to pursue in member countries.